PIC MCUs: Hardware and Connections using pic-microcontroller

Required Hardware

In order to program and debug a PIC microcontroller, you will need a few pieces of hardware.



The ICD-U40 is an In-Circuit-Debugger/Programmer that allows the user, through CCS C Windows IDE, to program and interactively debug a PIC microcontroller.

5V DC Power Supply

Although the 4520 board has a voltage regulator that is capable of handling larger voltages (up to 30 volts), a five volt power supply should be used if available to avoid needing a heat sink for the regulator.

Hardware Connection

USB to ICD-U40

The first time the ICD-U40 is connected to a computer via a USB cable, a driver for the ICD-U40 needs to be installed. This driver can be found either on the installation disk that came with the CCS C Windows IDE, or on the CCS Inc. website: http://www.ccsinfo.com/content.php?page=ICD


The ICD-U40 programmer/debugger connects to the PIC microcontroller through a six wire modular cable. Although the 4520 board is already wired correctly, a wiring diagram for communication with the PIC microcontroller is given below for reference.

While the ICD is connected to the PIC MCU and to your computer via a USB cable, the Windows IDE will be able to communicate with the PIC microcontroller. In order to program or debug successfully, these connections must be made correctly. Once all connections are made successfully the LED on the ICD-U40 will turn on.



In order for all hardware conections to be successful, the PIC microcontroller unit itself must be powered. To do this, simply connect the pins of the MCU to power/ground as shown on the devices datasheet, or if you are using the 4520 board plug the five volt power supply into the barrel connector on the board. Also, ensure that all connections between the MCU and the ICD are made correctly as in the diagram above.


For more detail: PIC MCUs: Hardware and Connections

About The Author

Ibrar Ayyub

I am an experienced technical writer holding a Master's degree in computer science from BZU Multan, Pakistan University. With a background spanning various industries, particularly in home automation and engineering, I have honed my skills in crafting clear and concise content. Proficient in leveraging infographics and diagrams, I strive to simplify complex concepts for readers. My strength lies in thorough research and presenting information in a structured and logical format.

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