AC Lights Flashing and Blink Control Circuit Using 555 Timer and TRIAC

Sometimes, we might need an AC bulb flasher circuit that can blink a series of bulbs in a particular time interval for decorative purposes. By controlling the flashing time interval and sequence, we can make a series of bulbs look beautiful for outdoor decoration in Cafeteria, Restaurants, etc. or even used it for heavy Christmas light decoration, so here I have shared a simple and low-cost effective solution, which can also be built under a dollar. We just need a couple of very commonly available components for making this project. The circuit of this project consists of a potentiometer through which you can control the flashing speed of the AC bulb or LED chain lights. You can also check out the AC dimmer circuit, which combined with this circuit can not only flash the AC bulbs but can also control its intensity.

AC Lights Flashing and Blink Control Circuit Using 555 Timer and TRIAC

Note: Working with AC voltage can become seriously dangerous. Do not attempt this circuit if you do not have prior experience working with AC mains. You have been warned.

Components Required

Sl. No Component name Value Quantity
1 IC LM555 1
2 Optocoupler Moc 3021 1
3 Triac Bt134 / bt 136 / bt139 1
4 Resistance 100 k 2
5 Resistance 220 ohms 2
6 Resistance 470 ohms 1
7 LED 5mm 1
8 Ac bulb 60w/100 w/ 200 w  /  500w 1
9 Capacitor 100 uf/ 25 v 1
10 Pot (VC) 470k 1
11 Some jumper wire, USB cable, mobile charger

Circuit Diagram

The complete circuit diagram for the AC bulb blinking circuit can be found below. It is a simple circuit which consists of a 555 Timer IC to generate PWM pulse, this pulse is then used to control the blinking interval of the AC bulb through a TRIAC circuit which drives the AC bulb.

Circuit Diagram.....

To help you with the connection, I have also provided a graphical representation of the same TRIAC Light Blink Circuit below. 

Circuit Description

The circuit is very simple and easy. This is the application of the Astable multivibrator of NE555 Timer IC. According to the configuration of the NE555 timer IC, two external resistors and one capacitor (discharged) should be used. In the below part of the circuit, the resistance R1 (220 ohms) is connected from the IC discharged pin 7 to VCC positive 5V. Also, another resistance R5 (470K or 500 K) which we used as a variable resistance to control the output pulses, oscillator, and duty cycle & output frequency, connected from IC pin 7 to IC pin 2&6.

In this section of the circuit, we are getting Generated output pulse from the IC Output pin 3 which is applied to an L.E.D through a 220 ohms (R2) resistance, because of which the L.E.D gets on/off or High/Low according to the output pulse/frequency of the oscillations and the output pulse is also responsible for blinking or flashing of (dc side indicator) L.E.D and AC 220V bulb at the same time. This 220 ohms (R2) resistance is used just to resist the voltage for L.E.D or L.E.D protection purposes.

Also, the IC pulse output pin 3 is connected to MOC 3021 optocoupler VCC pin 1 through a 470 ohms (R3) resistance. This 470 ohms resistance is used for protection of optocoupler internal IR L.E.D, This MOC 3021 is a very advanced zero-crossing Triac driving Optocoupler which internally consists of an IR L.E.D and a photosensor or photoactive Triac, to understand the internal structure of optocoupler, you can follow my handmade diagram shown above.

In the above section of the circuit, The T1 junction of the optocoupler (optocoupler pin 6) is connected with one of the AC terminals, which might be Neutral or Phase Line from the AC socket or outlets. 
When the optocoupler internal IR L.E.D gets activated by receiving pulse voltage (through the resistance R3), internal IR LED radiates infrared which is sensed by the internal photosensitive Triac and allows conduction between T1 junction (optocoupler pin 6) and T2 junction (optocoupler pin 4).             

From the optocoupler, T2 junction (optocoupler pin 4) voltage is applied to the Gate pin or middle pin of BT136 Triac through a 100 k resistance for Triac protection and the T1 terminal of BT136 connected with another AC terminal and we are taking the output from T2 terminal of the BT136 Triac for AC 220V Bulb or L.E.D chain Light.

Source: AC Lights Flashing and Blink Control Circuit Using 555 Timer and TRIAC

About The Author

Muhammad Bilal

I am a highly skilled and motivated individual with a Master's degree in Computer Science. I have extensive experience in technical writing and a deep understanding of SEO practices.