How to take input with PIC18F4550 Microcontroller




Any microcontroller based system typically has an input and a corresponding output. Taking simple output with a PIC microcontroller has been explained in LED blinking with PIC18F4550. This article explains how to provide an input to the controller and get a corresponding output using PIC18F4550.

PIC18F4550 has a total of 35 I/O (input-output) pins which are distributed among 5 Ports. Each Port of a PIC microcontroller corresponds to three 8-bit registers (TRIS, PORT & LAT) which should be configured to use the Port for general I/O purpose. For more details, refer LED blinking using PIC.

 
To configure a particular port/pin as input, the corresponding TRIS register/TRIS bit should be set to high (1). For output, the relevant TRIS register/bit should be set to low (0).
 
For example, for PortD
·         To set the entire PortD as input               
TRISD
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Value
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

Bit Configuration of TRISD Register with PortD as input in PIC18F4550

To set only 3rd pin (RD2) of PortD as input                    
TRISD
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Value
1

Bit Configuration of TRISD Register with 3rd pin RD2 of PortD as input in PIC18F4550

To set  1st pin (RD0) as output and 4th pin (RD3) of PortD as input                   
TRISD
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Value
1

Bit Configuration of TRISD Register with 1st pin RD0 as output and 4th pin (RD3) of PortD as input in PIC18F4550

In this program, a tactile switch has been connected on pin RA5 of PortA to provide input to the microcontroller. The input is monitored as an output on LED connected to pin RA0. The connections are shown in the adjoining circuit diagram.

Project Source Code

###

// Program to control an LED using a switch

READ  Writing Your First Program with PIC Microcontroller and Setting up Configuration Bits

// Configuration bits
/* _CPUDIV_OSC1_PLL2_1L, // Divide clock by 2
_FOSC_HS_1H, // Select High Speed (HS) oscillator
_WDT_OFF_2H, // Watchdog Timer off
MCLRE_ON_3H // Master Clear on
*/

void main()
{
ADCON1=0x0F; // Set all pins as digital I/O
CMCON=0x07; // Set all comparators as digital I/O
TRISA.RA0=0; // Configure pin RA0 as output
TRISA.RA5=1; // Configure pin RA5 as input
while(1)
{
if(PORTA.RA5) // If input is high
LATA.LATA0=1; // Turn the LED On
else
LATA.LATA0=0; // Turn the LED Off
}
}

###




Project Components

Project Video




Source: How to take input with PIC18F4550 Microcontroller




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