Electronic lock using pic microcontroller and keypad. In this article, you will learn how to design electronic lock using pic16f877a microcontroller based embedded system? What are its applications? How to write its program? How to use it in any project? It is very useful for mechatronics engineering students.
What is a microcontroller based electronic lock?
This project used a password to open any lock. It can be used to make any device password protected. For example, speed control of a dc motor, home automation system, automatic doors, and Measurements systems can be made password protected, the electronic bell of school can also be made password protected using the electronic lock. So you can use microcontroller based electronic lock to make any device password protected. While working on microcontrollers based embedded system project, you may come across situation where you want an electronic device to protect from random users inputs. In such situation, you can use electronics lock. You must be wondering what is microcontroller based embedded system? Actually two types of embedded systems are used now a days; microcontroller based embedded systems and Linux-based embedded systems. But the explanation of these topics is beyond the scope of this article. I will try to write a separate article on it.
Working of Electronic lock
circuit diagram of electronics lock is shown below. Electronic lock takes inputs from the user with the help of 4X4 keypad. PIC16F877A microcontroller reads these inputs and compared it with a already stored password. Default password 1234 is stored in EEPROM of PIC microcontroller. After taking inputs from a user, these inputs are stored in array. After that microcontroller compares these arrays values with already stored valued of a default password. If both the values are equal microcontroller opens the electronic lock. Liquid crystal display is interfaced with PIC16F877A. LCD is used to display the status of password protected secured system. If user input password is equal to EEPROM stored password. Status of “access has been granted” Displayed on LCD. PIC provides instructions to LCD about what to display and what not to display. Use of LCD is optional. It is not necessary to use it. You can use a light emitting diode to display status of electronic lock. For example LED remains off when lock is closed and LED remains on when lock is open. So it’s up to you whatever you want to use. For example in home devices control system project, you can use password to provide access to control of devices to only specific persons.
Components used in Electronic lock
Followings are the list of components used in while it’s designing.
- PIC16F877A controller: It is main part of this project. You can say it is heart of this system. Because it controls all the functions. It takes inputs from user with the help of keypad. It compares the already stored password in EEPROM with entered inputs. It also provides instructions to LCD to display status. So to design such system you should have knowledge of microcontrollers. If you don’t know, I recommend you to check this article: Getting started with PIC microcontrollers
- Liquid crystal display: It displays the status of password secured system. It also shows either access has been granted or not. I have already explained above how LCD is being controlled. If you don’t know how to use LCD, you can read this article: LCD interfacing with PIC16877A
- 4×3 Keypad: It consists of 12 push buttons. It has four rows and three columns. Specific number is given to each button. Microcontroller doesn’t know which button has assigned which value. So we have to tell controller through programming about which value is assigned to which button. There are many types of keypads available in market. You can use anyone according to your requirement. To know more about it and its use, I suggest you to read this article: Keypad interfacing with PIC16F877A
- Crystal oscillator: Eight mega hertz crystal oscillator is used in this project. Two 22pF capacitors are connected with it. Crystal oscillator decides the operating frequency of the system.
I can say with 100 percent confident that after learning a use of above-mentioned components, you will be able to design intelligent lock very easily.
Circuit diagram of electronics lock
It’s complete circuit diagram is shown below. As you can see all the components which I have explained above is used. There is only one extra component that is LED. LED is connected just as an option. It will turn on when locker is open and it will remain turn off otherwise.
I think, I have already explained each and everything of this circuit above. Nothing is left to explain. But I have also included a video lecture below. In video lecture, I have explained circuit in more details. I have also shown its real time working. I also provide details of programming in this video. Subscribe my channels on YouTube or daily motion for more video tutorials.