The LIR1220 is a 12.5 mm. lithium-ion rechargeable coin cell. It is a relatively new technology. Traditionally, li-ion coin cells are non-rechargeable but for some situations, rechargeable compact cells are desired.
Coin cells like CR2032 are ultra-compact and are used in a variety of compact systems like wearables and if something with this form factor is made rechargeable, then it can be used for a wide range of small form factor applications. The new LIR1220 offers a high energy density 43Wh/kg and has a half cycle of approximately 500 cycles.
To get an idea about the compactness of the battery, it is 12.5mm in diameter and 2mm thick. In addition, the nominal weight is 1.1g. Due to these advantages, LIR1220 finds its place in applications like wearables, Bluetooth headsets, body sensors, medical devices, wireless sensors, remote controls, toys, networking devices, and many others.
The battery has a nominal voltage of 3.6V and a typical nominal capacity of 12mAh. It must be charged with a Constant-Current-Constant-Voltage (CC/CV) charger. These chargers can supply a fixed current and fixed voltage regardless of the load resistance. The voltage that the battery must be charged is 4.2V (advised by the manufacturer) and the current to supplied while charging should be 0.5C. 0.5C means 0.5 times the battery capacity which in this case is 12mAh. Therefore, the charging current should be 6mA. All this data is crucial in setting the output voltage and current of the battery charger circuit.
Battery Charger IC
For charging the battery, we are turning our attention to a linear charge management controller IC, MCP73831. MCP73831 is a very advanced charge management controller for applications where space is a constraint. This small-sized IC is very economical and finds its applications in Lithium-Ion/Lithium-Polymer Battery Chargers, Personal Data Assistants, Cellular Telephones, Digital Cameras, MP3 Players, Bluetooth Headsets, USB Chargers, and many others.
The charge controller IC uses Constant-Current-Constant-Voltage (CC/CV) charging algorithm which is compatible with our LIR1220 battery. The charging voltage can be fixed from four available options: 4.20V, 4.35V, 4.40V, or 4.50V. In addition, the IC also comes with selectable preconditioning and charge termination. Preconditioning means when the battery voltage is less than the preconditioning threshold set, then the IC goes into trickle charging or preconditioning mode.
Read more: LIR1220 BATTERY CHARGER PLUGS IN USB