Temperature controlled fan using PIC 16F877A




You might have come across several applications where we need to control a specific device based on analog parameter. This Embedded system works in a similar concept where we are about to control the speed of a DC motor using based on the external temperature. The rise in temperature will result in increase in speed of the motor and vice versa. These type of Temperature controlled fan systems can generally be used to maintain temperature of a room or object automatically.Temperature controlled fan using PIC 16F877A

DESIGN OF TEMPERATURE CONTROLLED FAN SYSTEM:

  • The temperature is measured by means of a temperature sensor LM35.
  • The output voltage of the sensor is fed to the A/D channel of the Microcontroller.
  • Based on the sensed temperature the speed of the motor is controlled using PWM .
  • Several temperature ranges was set in the code to vary the motor speed based on the level of temperature sensed.
  • The speed of the motor is controlled by using PWM.
  • The motor is driven using a driver IC l293D, See a brief explanation on its working and wiring here.

LM35:

Schematic Temperature controlled fan using PIC 16F877A

LM35 Pin Diagram

Lm 35 is used to sense the external temperature which is capable of sensing temperature ranges from -55 to 150 C. The output voltage is proportional to the temperature hence there is no need of trimmers to calibrate the reading. The output voltage of this sensor varies by 10mv per degree change in temperature.

CALIBRATION:

We are using a 10 bit ADC and Vcc as Vref to the ADC module of the Controller. So in order to determine the step size we have to divide the Vref by our resolution that is 2^10 ( 1024 ).

READ  Interfacing GLCD with PIC16F877A

Step Size = 5 / 1024 = 4.83mV

We obtain a change of 10mV with each rise or fall in temperature from the sensor. And value in the ADC register will alter by two steps with each degree change in the sensor since two increments of step size i.e 4.833mV * 2 = 9.96mV which is approximately equal to 10mV. So in order to obtain the original value we have to divide the contents in the ADC register by 2

For more detail: Temperature controlled fan using PIC 16F877A




Leave a Comment

*
= 5 + 5

Read previous post:
Microchip’s first ARM processor
Microchip’s first ARM processor with cryptographic engine

In Production The CEC1302 incorporates a high-performance 32-bit ARM® Cortex®-M4 embedded microcontroller with 128 Kilobytes of SRAM and 32 Kilobytes...

Close
Scroll to top