Universal Serial Infrared Receiver. using pic microcontoller
You can use this Universal Infrared Receiver (UIR) project to control your PC:
- Starting Windows programs,
- setting the Windows volume control,
- even moving the mouse around the screen!
All at the touch of a button – with your TV remote control in fact!
It uses a PIC microcontroller to characterize the demodulated infrared signal and then transmit it as a serial data stream to the PC.
Software running on the PC recognizes data stream for each key press (in fact the PC software has to learn the data stream for each key press) and activates the program (or event) that you specify. Since the software can learn each key press you can use it with any remote control e.g. TV, video, DVD, satellite etc.
It’s even good with multiple remotes so you could use any one of a set of remotes to control the PC
Specification for Serial Infrared receiver project.
|Baud Rate||57600 Baud|
|Remove Control type||Any (Point any control at it and let the PC software learn its codes).|
Note: Some remote controls need two key presses (if you press the same key) as they output an inverted key sequence for a repeated key. If you press a different key then it works as a normal remote.
Serial Infrared receiver : Project Details
|Compiler||Mikrolectronika MikroC Free!|
|Target||16F88 (retargetable to other PICs that have a built in USART).|
|Software notes||No special notes.|
|Hardware notes||No special notes.|
|Project files||Enter your details to get the Download Link
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How the Serial Infrared receiver works
This project uses a standard Infrared detector module (one of those 3 pin devices) as the main input.
It’s not worth making your own circuit up as it will not match the performance of a three pin demodulator module.
I had a go using some circuits I found on the web and but these use a PIN diode and a high impedance amplifier e.g. LM3140 – but the circuits are actually light meters and saturate when a light shines on them (even desk lamp) – so they become insensitive to the IR light – the PIN diode reacts to any light source. You can get some use out of them up to about six feet but a lot of engineering has gone into the three pin modules so it really is worth using them and they are very cheap.
Inside the module is a PIN diode, AGC circuit, band pass filter, control logic and output detector. The datasheet specifies use from 15m (45ft) up to possibly 30m (90ft) max!. These are very good detectors that are also insensitive to sunlight (has a physical filter over the PIN diode and the electronic bandpass filter).
What to do if you only have a USB port
Todays PCs only have USB ports so you need some adaptor hardware to allow serial RS232 operation. There are two options:
- A USB Digital Serial Interface
- A USB RS232 adaptor
Both of these are very cheap and useful. You can learn more about usb adaptors in the link.
Serial Infrared receiver
How the Serial Infrared receiver works.
This project took longer than it should have and I have ended up with a far smaller source code than my initial attempts! First off I used the capture facility in the CCP and the Timer1 timer to accurately measure each period of high and low decoded IR. This turned out to be too accurate!
For more detail: Universal Serial Infrared Receiver.
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